Stephen M. Raffle, M.D.

Stephen M. Raffle, M.D.

Stephen M. Raffle, M.D. & Associates
35 Wolfe Grade
Kentfield , CA 94904
Office: 415-461-4845
Fax: 415-461-4039


Stephen M. Raffle, M.D., Board Certified Forensic Psychiatrist with over 40 years experience testifying about emotional distress, PTSD, chronic pain, undue influence, testamentary capacity and employment litigation (among others). He has offered expert opinion in over 5000 cases, 700+ depositions, and testifying in 150+ trials in Federal, State, Administrative and Military jurisdictions. Dr. Raffle has consulted for attorneys, insurers, employers and judges. In addition to a successful clinical practice and teaching career at U.C. Medical School, Dr. Raffle has taught attorneys at Hastings College of the Law, postgraduate course "Trial and Appellate Advocacy" for 11 years instructing attorneys about the direct and cross-examination of expert witnesses and consults to attorneys on this subject.

Stephen M. Raffle, M.D. & Associates' expertise includes, but is not limited to the following psychiatric issues which can arise in litigation:

Emotional distress
Intentional and unintentional infliction of emotional distress
Pain and suffering
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Chronic Pain
Traumatic brain injury and other dementias
Fitness for duty
Testamentary Capacity
Undue Influence
Risk/Threat Workplace Violence Assessment
Wrongful Termination
Discrimination (ADA and Title VII)
Harassment (sexual, etc.)
Employment Litigation
Medical Malpractice
Catastrophic Injury
Need for Treatment
Medical Records Review
Assisting Attorneys to Prepare for the cross-examination of mental health expert witness

Dr. Raffle's website ( contains commentary and case reflection on expertise in each of the above areas and additional areas of expertise gained over an extensive career.

Areas of Expertise

  • Brain Injury
  • Emotional Trauma
  • Forensic Psychiatry
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Human Factors Engineering
  • Human Resources
  • Independent Medical Examinations (I.M.E.)
  • Malingering
  • Medical Malpractice
  • Military Mental Health
  • Neuropsychiatry
  • Personal Injury
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Products Liability
  • Psychiatry
  • Sanity/Trial Competency
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Sexual Harassment/Discrimination
  • Stalking
  • Suicide
  • Vocational Evaluation & Rehabilitation
  • Workplace Violence
  • Wrongful Death
  • Wrongful Termination

Expert Background

Q: Please list your professional accreditations, degrees, licenses, and certificates granted:
A: 1966 Doctor of Medicine, The Chicago Medical School, Chicago, Doctor of Medicine
1977 Board- Certified by American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology Diplomate in Psychiatry
1994 Board- Certified by American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology Diplomate in Forensic Psychiatry
Q: Please list your affiliations or memberships in any professional and/or industry organizations:
A: American Medical Association
American Psychiatric Association
American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Q: Please list any teaching or speaking experience you have had, including subject matter:
A: Assistant Clinical Professor in Psychiatry (for 21 years), and Assistant Clinical Professor, Orthopedic Surgery (as a Psychiatrist) (18 years), University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine.
Hastings Law School, “Trial and Appellate Advocacy" program for attorneys, instructing about the direct and cross-examination of expert witnesses (11 years).

Speaking experience is set out in my CV; it is extensive and addresses a number of topics.
Q: On how many occasions have you been retained as an expert?
A: As an expert witness in litigation, many hundreds of occasions. I estimate I have conducted over 5,000 psychiatric evaluations and rendered opinion including Fitness for Duty, Threat Assessments,matters in administrative jurisdictions, and testified in over 150 trials as an expert witness in civil and criminal cases in Federal and State jurisdictions.
Q: For what area(s) of expertise have you been retained as an expert?
A: Over the course of 47 years, expert testimony and opinion includes, but is not (by any means) limited to: Litigation, Personal Injury (psychiatric dimensions), Diminished Testamentary Capacity, Competency, Undue Influence, Chronic Pain, Emotional Distress, PTSD, Employment including Fitness for Duty, Risk of Violence-Threat Assessment, Wrongful Termination, Temporary and Permanent Disability, Harassment, Discrimination, Conducing Independent Psychiatric Medical Examinations and opining by report and testimony, reviewing records and rendering opinion; Direct and Cross-Examination Expert Witnesses, Need for Treatment, Medical Malpractice, Toxic Torts, Traumatic Brain Injury
Q: In what percentage of your cases were you retained by the plaintiff?
A: 50%, roughly
Q: In what percentage of your cases were you retained by the defendant?
A: 50%, roughly
Q: On how many occasions have you had your deposition taken?
A: Testimony in trial and deposition, roughly estimated at 150-200
Q: When was the last time you had your deposition taken?
A: I am deposed regularly, about 15 times per year on average.
Q: On how many occasions have you been qualified by a court to give expert testimony?
A: See above.
Q: On how many occasions have you testified as an expert in court or before an arbitrator?
A: See above.
Q: For how many years have you worked with the legal industry as an expert?
A: 47


We are happy to provide attorney references; please call us at (415) 461-4845.