Daniel B. Kennedy began his career in criminal justice and security administration as a civilian crime analyst with the Detroit Police Department in 1966. Over the next decade, Dr. Kennedy also served as a counselor for the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, as a probation officer in Detroit, and as a senior administrator of two police academies in southeastern Michigan. While serving in these capacities, he studied sociology and criminology at Wayne State University, earning B.A. (1967), M.A. (1969), and Ph.D. (1971) degrees.
Since completing his formal education, Dr. Kennedy has had extensive specialized training in various aspects of criminal behavior, policing operations, corrections operations, and private sector security management. He successfully tested for the Certified Protection Professional designation in 1983 and has been recertified every three years since. For the past several years, he has also studied terrorism, antiterrorism, and counterterrorism through participation in focused training at the Naval Postgraduate School and other locations across the U.S., Israel, and Dubai. After spending a year teaching at the College of the Virgin Islands in St. Thomas, USVI, Dan returned to his hometown and accepted a faculty position at the University of Detroit in 1977. In June of 2008, he was honored with the title Professor Emeritus by the President and Deans of the University of Detroit Mercy.
For the past thirty years, Dr. Kennedy has developed expertise in forensic criminology: the application of criminological knowledge to matters of immediate concern to various courts of law. He practices this specialty in three ways: academic publication, participation in litigation as an expert, and teaching. He is widely published in such journals as Journal of Police Science and Administration, Journal of Criminal Justice, Justice Quarterly, Crime and Delinquency, Professional Psychology, Journal of Social Psychology, Criminal Justice and Behavior, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Police Quarterly, The Police Chief, Security Journal, Security Management, Journal of Security Administration, Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, American Jails, and a host of others.
In addition, Dr. Kennedy frequently is called to court to testify in cases involving state police agencies, municipal police departments, and county sheriffs’ departments. His testimony generally involves explaining to jurors the appropriate standards of care for the use of deadly force, vehicle pursuits, emergency psychiatric evaluations, prisoner health care, prevention of prisoner suicide, positional asphyxia/excited delirium, and “suicide by cop.” Also, Dr. Kennedy evaluates numerous lawsuits concerning premises liability for negligent security in the private sector involving properties both in the U.S. and overseas. He specializes in crime foreseeability issues, appropriate standards of care in the security industry, and analyses of the behavioral aspects of proximate causation. Dr. Kennedy has had extensive experience studying liability issues pertinent to incidents at apartment complexes, bars and nightclubs, universities, hospitals, shopping malls, entertainment and sports venues, convenience stores, hotels and motels, quick-service restaurants, and a variety of other facilities.
Although Dr. Kennedy taught forensic criminology for many years at the University of Detroit, he is currently teaching as an adjunct at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan. He offers courses in profile and threat assessment and homeland security through the university’s criminal justice program. In addition, he continues to research and publish in many areas of forensic criminology, including a forthcoming textbook on the practice of forensic criminology.
Areas of Expertise
- Apartment/Condominium Security
- Bars/Lounges/Night Clubs
- Casino & Gaming Industry
- Correctional Healthcare
- Deadly/Excessive Force
- Hotel Security
- Jail Suicide
- Jails & Prisons
- Law Enforcement
- Liquor Liability/Dram Shop
- Negligent Hiring
- Parking Lots/Garages
- Premises Liability
- School Safety
- Security Guards
- Special Event Security
- White Collar Crime
- Wrongful Termination
- Q: Please list your professional accreditations, degrees, licenses, and certificates granted:
- A: B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Wayne State University
Certified Protection Professional (CPP). Board Certified in Security Management, American Society for Industrial Security. Certified by examination, November 1984. Recertified 2009. Currently, designated “Lifetime CPP.”
Certified Sociological Practitioner (CSP). Association for Applied and Clinical Sociology.
Licensed Master’s Social Worker (LMSW). State of Michigan.
Certified Police Academy Instructor.
Michigan Law Enforcement Officers Training Council.
- Q: Please list your affiliations or memberships in any professional and/or industry organizations:
- A: American Society for Industrial Security, American Society of Criminology, Academy of Behavioral Profiling, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, International Association of Chiefs of Police, American Jail Association, American Correctional Association
- Q: Please list any teaching or speaking experience you have had, including subject matter:
- A: University Professor of Criminal Justice and Security Administration for over 30 years, teaching such courses as Seminar in Security Problems, Comparative Security, Criminology and Penology, Profiling and Threat Assessment, and Workplace Violence. Numerous presentations before academic, legal, and law enforcement organizations, including, for example: “Workplace Violence Directed at Justice Personnel” and “The Integration of Forensic Criminology and Forensic Psychology,” workshops presented at University of Reims, France, May 2018; “Criminologists in the Courtroom: Forensic Criminology,” lectures in Lisbon and Porto, Portugal, for Portugese Institute of Psychology and Other Sciences, October 2016; “Inadequate Security Lawsuits,” National Webinar sponsored by IOMA Institute of Finance and Management, February 2011; “The Expanding Use of Forensic Criminology and Investigative Psychology in U.S. Civil Courts,” paper presented at IXth Investigative Psychology Conference, London South Bank University, January 2010; “Religious Terrorism: Some Nagging Questions and Possible Answers,” paper presented to faculty and students of the School of Social Sciences, Bond University, Australia, February 2009.
- Q: Have any of your accreditations ever been investigated, suspended or removed? (if yes, explain)
- A: no
- Q: On how many occasions have you been retained as an expert?
- A: around 800 times as consulting or testifying over the past 30 years
- Q: For what area(s) of expertise have you been retained as an expert?
- A: security, negligent hiring and retention, standards of care, foreseeability, police practices, corrections practices, premises liability
- Q: In what percentage of your cases were you retained by the plaintiff?
- A: about 50%
- Q: In what percentage of your cases were you retained by the defendant?
- A: about 50%
- Q: On how many occasions have you had your deposition taken?
- A: 200+
- Q: When was the last time you had your deposition taken?
- A: last month
- Q: On how many occasions have you been qualified by a court to give expert testimony?
- A: 100+
- Q: On how many occasions have you testified as an expert in court or before an arbitrator?
- A: 100+
- Q: For how many years have you worked with the legal industry as an expert?
- A: 30 years
- Q: What services do you offer? (E.g.: consulting, testing, reports, site inspections etc.)
- A: consulting and testifying, reports, site inspections, literature review and related research
- Q: What is your hourly rate to consult with an attorney?
- A: 425
- Q: What is your hourly rate to review documents?
- A: 425
- Q: What is your hourly rate to provide deposition testimony?
- A: 425
- Q: What is your hourly rate to provide testimony at trial?
- A: 425
- Q: Please list any fees other than those stated above (E.g.: travel expenses, copy fees, etc.)
- A: all expenses
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