Raymond L. Lee, Jr., Ph.D.

Raymond L. Lee, Jr., Ph.D.

Robson Forensic Inc.
Available Nationwide
Office: 800-813-6736

Raymond L. Lee, Ph.D.
Object Visibility, Lighting, Meteorology
Dr. Lee is an expert on the effects of weather phenomena such as snow, fog, rain, and icing on drivers and pedestrians, glare from sun and headlights, and visibility under different lighting and weather conditions on incidents ranging from vehicle collisions to slips and falls.

He has spent 30 years in meteorological research and education, including the last 24 years as a research professor at the U. S. Naval Academy. He has been awarded seven highly competitive research grants from the National Science Foundation.

Dr. Lee has testified nationally and he has researched and written more than 140 technical reports for both civil and criminal cases during the past 23 years. Dr. Lee is a member of the American Meteorological Society, the Optical Society of America, and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America.

For Dr. Lee’s full bio or CV, click the “Web Page” or the “CV” button above.

Areas of Expertise
  • Driver Behavior
  • Human Factors
  • Lighting & Illumination
  • Visibility
  • Weather & Meteorology

Expert Background
Q: Please list your professional accreditations, degrees, licenses, and certificates granted:
A: Ph. D., Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
B.A., Williams College, Williamstown, MA
Q: Please list your affiliations or memberships in any professional and/or industry organizations:
A: American Meteorological Society,
Illuminating Engineering Society of North America,
Optical Society of America,
Sigma Xi
Q: Please list any teaching or speaking experience you have had, including subject matter:
A: 1991-present adjunct professor, Mathematics & Science Division, U. S. Naval Academy

1992-1994, 1996-1999 visiting CNMOC Chair in Remote Sensing, Oceanography Department, U. S. Naval Academy

1989-1991 postdoctoral researcher, Meteorology Department, Pennsylvania State University

1980-present Resident courses taught (U. S. Naval Academy):
General Physics I-II
Introductory Calculus I-III
Probability and Statistics for Scientists and Engineers
Statistics for Oceanographers and Meteorologists
Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Kinematics
Basic Atmospheric Processes
Environmental Remote Sensing
Global Climate Change
Oceanic and Atmospheric Dynamics

Resident courses taught (Penn State):
Graduate practicum in Physical Meteorology
Introductory Meteorology
Observing and Analyzing Atmospheric Physics

External courses taught (Penn State):
Applications of Statistics to Meteorology
Hydrodynamics of the Atmosphere
Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology
Introduction to Synoptic Meteorology
Physical Meteorology
Tropical Meteorology
Q: Have any of your accreditations ever been investigated, suspended or removed? (if yes, explain)
A: No.
Q: On how many occasions have you been retained as an expert?
A: Approximately 130 times since 1992.
Q: For what area(s) of expertise have you been retained as an expert?
A: meteorology;
evaluation of icing and melting conditions;
driver and pedestrian visibility;
nighttime visibility using headlights;
sun glare;
headlight glare;
driver reaction to signs and other traffic control devices;
visibility in outdoor and indoor lighting;
visibility through windshields and through fog, haze, and snow
Q: In what percentage of your cases were you retained by the plaintiff?
A: Approximately 50%.
Q: In what percentage of your cases were you retained by the defendant?
A: Approximately 50%.
Q: On how many occasions have you had your deposition taken?
A: 18 times.
Q: On how many occasions have you been qualified by a court to give expert testimony?
A: 15 times.
Q: On how many occasions have you testified as an expert in court or before an arbitrator?
A: 15 times.
Q: What services do you offer? (E.g.: consulting, testing, reports, site inspections etc.)
A: Via Robson Forensic, I offer consulting, testing, expert reports, and site inspections in all my areas of technical expertise.


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